ABOUT THE WINDRUSH SCANDAL PROJECT
This three-year research project seeks, for the first time, to produce a scholarly examination of the so-called Windrush Scandal within a fully transnational framework, one that properly considers the agency of a wide variety of official and non-official actors from both sides of the Atlantic and the role of the post-colonial and Commonwealth contexts of international relations.
People from Commonwealth Caribbean states who arrived in the UK before the 1962 Commonwealth Immigrants Act came into force generally had the right to enter and remain in Britain by virtue of being Citizens of the UK and Colonies (CUKC). The key objective of the Windrush Scandal in a Transnational and Commonwealth Context is to develop a unique digital research resource of extended interviews on the national and diplomatic activism around the Windrush scandal, supported by digitized government documents from the British archives and Caribbean government records. Oral and archival research methodologies will be combined to explore the links between the apparently distinct spheres of international diplomacy and community activism, providing insights into, on the one hand, unconventional methods of public diplomacy by Commonwealth representatives, and on the other the ways in which this international support enhanced and amplified the community-based campaigning and investigative reporting. Exploring these links will provide the central, overarching focus of this project.
KEY WINDRUSH SCANDAL PROJECT OUTPUTS
The oral history interviews for this project explore the extent to which the complexities and ambiguities of the law governing nationality exacerbated confusion around competing notions of Caribbean and British identity and belonging. They seek to identify the extent to which members of the diaspora community were aware of changes to their rights and obligations brought about by successive acts of parliament from 1962, and the stages by which it became clear that significant numbers of people were having their right to remain in the UK challenged.
30 interviews focus on the response of Caribbean governments and their representatives in London to the legal restrictions imposed on immigration to the UK from the Caribbean from the early 1960s, and the plight of those members of the diaspora community, whose right to remain in the UK was challenged by the British state. The other 30 interviews focus on members of the diaspora community, those who found themselves under threat of deportation or actually deported, and their supporters and legal and political representatives.
Archival Research in the Caribbean & the UK
This oral history research is supplemented by archival research in collections in the UK and the Caribbean. This includes recent project visits to Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago. Selected documents have been digitized and will be made available on the project website alongside the recordings of the interviews and supporting explanatory materials. We expect the research resources we produce to be widely used by academics and students producing undergraduate and postgraduate dissertations.
Partnership with the Black Cultural Archives & the British Library
In partnership with the Black Cultural Archives in Brixton, the team will seek to ensure the broadest possible dissemination with a special seminar at the Black Cultural Archives for community activists on the project’s findings. Our articles for the British Library’s ‘Windrush Stories’ website will enable us to demonstrate the relevance of our project materials to a range of researchers and educators.
Project Roadshow & Windrush Scandal Podcasts
In 2024, we will be staging a project ‘roadshow’ which will visit cities across the UK with significant Caribbean communities. This is with the aim of presenting the findings of our project and sharing the oral history interviews with as broad an audience as possible. We are also planning a series of podcasts produced by the project team which will be aimed at those outside the academy with one specifically aimed at pupils taking the OCR History GCSE module ‘Migration to Britain, 1000-2010’.
Seminars & Training for Government Officials & Diplomats
We will also provide separate seminars aimed at the staff of the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, the Home Office and the Caribbean High Commissions in London.